Monday, December 16, 2013

Memory - Unit 7

Unit 7 Memory

Good overview of basic memory concepts.

Some fun memory games you can do online

NOVA: How Memory Works


This is not specifically about memory, but about implicit associations we make about people.
https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/ You can take some of the Implicit Association Tests to see what some of your implicit associations about people and groups are. I’m putting it with this unit as an example of implicit vs. explicit thought processes.

Story from National Public Radio (NPR) about H.M., the man who had the bilateral removal of his hippocampus (What is the plural of hippocampus?) and ended up with the nearly complete inability to form new memories. Find out why he had his hippocampus removed and learn about this amazing case study of anterograde amnesia. 
 http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7584970

And an article from Psychology Today about H.M.

This video clip was made based on 2000 slices that were made of H.M.'s brain after he died in 2008. 



The movie Memento was the first feature film by star director Christopher Nolan who went on to direct The Dark Night and Inception. It is a fictional film about a character who, like H.M.,  loses the ability to create any new memories, but still tries to solve a horrible crime.

It is rated R due to some very violent content and adult language. If that sort of film is acceptable to you and your parents, you can stream it on Netflix or rent it. It's definitely not appropriate for younger siblings. 

Thursday, November 21, 2013

Learning - Unit 6



Pavlov won the Nobel Prize for his work... This website has simulations and lots of great info on him. 


Classical Conditioning on the show, "The Office" 

What is the UCS, the UCR, the NS, the CS and the CR? 


Classical Conditioning of of emotions by John Watson ... the birth of Behaviorism...poor Little Albert



Operant Conditioning - B.F. Skinner the ultimate Behaviorist





Observational Learning / Social Learning - Can you learn just by watching? Alfred Bandura

Children See - Children Do... PSA about Observational Learning


Insight Learning... a sudden inspiration - no trial and error, no reinforcement.

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Perception - Unit 5

See how top-down processing affects perception... Can you count how many passes the white-shirted players make in this basketball video? (It's on YouTube, so it may not work in school. You can get to it at home on this link http://youtu.be/IGQmdoK_ZfY if the embedded video doesn't work)




Which way is this dancer spinning?



Clockwise or counter clockwise?
This site shows you how the illusion works http://ofb.net/~whuang/imgs/spin/




Which is the front and which is the back of the Necker Cube? It gets really interesting when you add a dog and a scuba diver... (click here)
http://dogfeathers.com/java/necker.html

Subliminal messages? How effective are they?
Democrats accused Republicans of putting a subliminal message into this Bush campaign commercial? Do you think it was intentional? Do you think it would have an effect? Click here if the embedded video isn't working http://youtu.be/2NPKxhfFQMs



These "TED Talks" can give us great insights into attention and color perception.

Cognitive Scientist Beau Lotto studies color perception in humans and bees.
Here is the link if the embedded video isn't working for you. http://www.ted.com/talks/beau_lotto_optical_illusions_show_how_we_see.html



Apollo Robbins is a skilled pick-pocket who shows us a thing or two about attention.
Link: http://www.ted.com/talks/apollo_robbins_the_art_of_misdirection.html 







Monday, October 21, 2013

Sensation - How the Ear works

Nobel Prize Website - Games, animations, the story of how the cochlea was unraveled...

The organization that gives out the Nobel Prize has a great website about the ear and how it works.

If you're having trouble understanding the accessory structures and the cochlea this site is for you.














Animations and interactives that explain the ear.

The Sumanas inc. video goes into great detail about the inner ear.
http://www.sumanasinc.com/webcontent/animations/content/soundtransduction.html

Another video on YouTube is great 3D animation that takes you into the ear as if you are a sound wave... it demonstrates the movements in the middle and inner ear with classical music... fantastic piece. The link is at http://youtu.be/PeTriGTENoc - since it's YouTube it may not work at school... 


Hearing Test: You need over-the-ear headphones and a decent computer to use this (not medically accurate) hearing test, but it's interesting to check out even if you don't have the right set-up.   http://youtu.be/h5l4Rt4Ol7M  It is a YouTube video, so it may not work at school. 
Mr. Cantor who was born in 1964 can hear sounds below roughly 14,000 Hz. How about you? 

Wednesday, October 16, 2013

Animations about vision - the retina and visual pathways

Fantastic animations about the eye, visual processing in the retina and the pathways that visual information travels in the brain.


Pay close attention to the "center-surround" aspects of retinal processing it this first video.

This animation shows how the photoreceptors, bipolar and ganglion cells of the retina are organized in "center-surround" arrangements that allow "bottom up" processing of visual information to begin in the retina. 



If a picture is worth a thousand words, an animation is worth way more. This animation really shows the visual pathway very well. Pay attention to how visual information is split in the Optic Chiasm and how it routs through the LGN of the thalamus as well as other areas specifically related to eye movement and the "biological clock" which controls circadian rhythms.

This excellent animation really explains how the visual information from the left and right visual fields makes its way to the right and left occipital lobes via the LGN of the thalamus. 

Check out this amazingly comprehensive video that covers the visual system in about 10 minutes. It's on YouTube, so it may be hard to watch at school. Link: http://youtu.be/AuLR0kzfwBU




The Zimbardo "Discovering Psychology" video on Sensation and Perception can be found at this link. 
http://www.learner.org/resources/series138.html?pop=yes&pid=1504



Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Discovering Psychology Videos - Biological Bases of Behavior

While these videos are slightly dated, they are still a great overview of the biological basis of behavior.

These are the third and fourth videos in the Discovering Psychology series. Short descriptions and links to the videos can be found below. They are from the series website.

Would you let this man handle your brain? 


3. The Behaving Brain  
This program discusses the structure and composition of the brain: how neurons function, how information is collected and transmitted, and how chemical reactions determine every thought, feeling, and action. With Dr. John Gabrieli of Stanford University and Dr. Mieke Verfaellie of Veterans Medical Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Updated. View it here. 

4. The Responsive Brain 
How the brain controls behavior and, conversely, how behavior and environment influence the brain's structure and functioning are the focus of this program. With Dr. Michael Meaney of McGill University and Dr. Russell Fernald of Stanford University. Updated. View it here. 

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Blog Assignment #3 - The Shoe/Hair/Height correlation project. Due Sunday 9/22/13 by 11:59pm

Reading Scatter Plots and Understanding Correlations.

Due Sunday 9/22/13 by 11:59pm

In a comment to this post, please discuss each of the graphs below. Be sure to address the questions under each graph. Please don't copy the questions or number your answers, rather, you should write a paragraph or two in complete sentences so your reader knows what you are talking about. Be sure to sign in as "anonymous" but put your first name and last initial in the post so I know to whom to give the credit. If you have any questions please e-mail me. Review the "how to e-mail a teacher" post on my blog before you send your e-mail.(click on the graphs to enlarge)

I strongly suggest you write the comment in Word or another program and then copy and paste it into the comment section below. This way, if the comment doesn't go through or is accidentally deleted you'll have a record of your work. Please also remember that I have to approve all comments, so it may take a while for it to show up on the blog. You don't need to resubmit it over and over. 

Click on graphs to enlarge. 

Correlation Coefficient -0.07



What can we see from the above scatter plot of hair length vs. height? Is there a correlation? How strong is it? If so, is it positive or negative; strong or weak? What information about the students in our class does this graph give you? Are there a few "outliers" or extreme data points that seem unusual? If you throw them out of the data set what does the correlation look like? What other information would be helpful to interpret the data?


Correlation Coefficient +0.47


Above is the data we collected about our shoe sizes vs our heights. Can you see a relationship? Is there a correlation? If so, is it positive or negative? How strong is it?  Does shoe size cause height to change? Does height cause shoe size to change? 

Correlation Coefficient -0.34

Finally, the above graph shows the relationship between shoe size and hair length. Is there a correlation?  If so, is it positive or negative? How strong is it? What third variable which is not shown on the graphs might be causing the relationship between shoe size and hair length? Does correlation imply causation? Why or why not? 

Sunday, September 15, 2013

Unit 2 Reading Assignment

Unit 2: Research in Psychology

Reading assignment notes check (10 pts): Due Monday, Sept. 16th
Flashcards (see below) (20 pts): Due Friday Sept 20th
Quiz on Unit 2 (with some questions from Unit 1) on Monday Sept. 23rd
            Quiz will be multiple choice and have a writing component.

Objectives (think about these as you read) – If you know these you will do well:
            1. What methods do psychologists use to learn about behavior and mental processes?
            2. How is “Critical Thinking” important for psychological research?
            3. What role do theories play in psychological research?
            4. Describe and compare the following research methods: Naturalistic Observation, Case                         Studies, Surveys, Correlational Studies, Experiments.
5. Explain the ethical issues in using human and animal subjects for psych research.
6. What statistics do psych researchers use?
7. What are the ethical guidelines psych researchers must follow?
8. Describe aspects of an experiment including Independent and Dependent Variables,               Control and Experimental Groups, Informed Consent and how Placebos are used.

Bernstein Text Chapter 2 Pp. 27 - 57
Read and take Cornell notes based on your reading instructions. Write down how long it takes you to complete the reading and notes so you can know what to expect in terms of studying for future chapters.
             
Flashcards
1.     Make flashcards for all key terms highlighted in text.

2.     Additional Flashcards: Family Studies, Twin Studies, Adoption Studies, Five important ethical guidelines for psych research,  

Thursday, September 12, 2013

Join us for the NAMI Bring Change to Mind (BC2M) Mental Health Walk - Saturday Sept. 21

 The NAMI BC2M Walk Team page – This is where you can sign up to be on our team.
You DON’T need to raise money or pay anything to participate.
http://namiwalks.nami.org/BC2MChicago 

For directions on how to get there from NGHS by the CTA bus and El train click here.

You can also go to www.transitchicago.com to find out how to get there from your house.

The route begins at the southwest corner of Balbo and Congress in Grant Park.
click for larger image 










Info about mental health and treatment

NAMI-GC – The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill of Greater Chicago

C4 Community Counseling Centers of Chicago

National Center on Domestic Violence & Mental Health
Chicago and Illinois Mental Health Agencies and Organizations

Cook County Public Health System Resources page

List of Psychological Disorders

City of Chicago Mental Health Clinics

Articles about City of Chicago Closing Half of all Mental Health Clinics






Friday, August 30, 2013

History of Psychology 3 min video

This 3 minute video summarizes some of the main ideas and people in the history of psychology starting with the ancient Greek philosophers and bringing us up to the humanists of the 20th century.

It's from YouTube, so you may not be able to watch it at school. The link is http://youtu.be/YzAXM5jR8oA




Sunday, July 28, 2013

Your Phineas Gage Review - Summer Assignment Part 2: Due Aug. 20

After you have read Phineas Gage and worked on the Phineas Gage Reading Guide Questions you should post your review of the book in the COMMENTS to THIS blog post.    (use the "comment" link below this post) 




Your comment should be a review of the book. A book review is a critical assessment of the book in which you share your opinions about the book and back up those opinions with examples from the book. Be sure to describe the story and the style of the book. 

Some questions you might want to think about as you write: What did you think of the book? What did you find most interesting? What are some new or surprising things you learned from the book? Why do you think Phineas was "lucky" or "unlucky?" Are there other texts (books, movies, etc.) that relate to the story of Phineas? Why or why would you not recommend it to a friend? 

As with the last blog assignment, I will not show the comments until the deadline so everyone has a chance to work on the assignment without being too influenced by other peoples' work. Do not re-send your post multiple times.
Please note: As always you can e-mail me with questions. If you're having trouble with the blog, just e-mail me your comment so you have evidence you completed it before the deadline. 

Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Part 1 of the Summer Assignment - Due July 20

Welcome to AP Psychology at North-Grand!

Ten Most Revealing Psychology Experiments!



Read all these instructions carefully before beginning!

Go to this link about the Ten Most Revealing Psychology Experiments and read through the summaries of all ten of them. 

Select one of the experiments that you think is interesting. Click on the link in the summary to start your research about that experiment. (the link to #3 is broken, but you can use this link to get started.) Read through the information and seek out other information online. There may be good YouTube videos or other sources you should investigate. You can also look up some of the experiments or the experimenters in your textbook. 

In your comment to THIS BLOG POST please do the following to complete the assignment:

1. Summarize the experiment. Include who did it, when they did it, where they did it, and what they did.
2. Explain the importance of the experiment to our understanding of human behavior. Why do you think the experiment is considered a valuable insight into the way people think and/or act?
3. Give one example of how the experiment can be applied to everyday life. You can use yourself or someone you know in the example, or make up an example that you think the experiment might apply to in normal life.
4. At the end of your post include all sources (full URLs, please) and sign the post with your first name and just the initial letter of your last name (for example: Phillip D.)
5. To send your comment please click the "Name/URL" option and put your first name and last initial in the "Name" box. Don't fill in the URL box.  

I suggest that you write your comment in Word or other program first so you can check your spelling etc. and then just paste it into the comments at the end of this post. 

Your post should be 3 to 5 paragraphs long and should demonstrate some original thinking on your part. Do not cut-and-paste or copy any text directly.

Your comment will not show up on the blog until close to the due-date, as I want everyone to approach the project without being biased by seeing the posted work of others in the class. If you aren't sure if your comment went through you may e-mail me and I'll let you know. Please don't keep re-sending it over and over. 

If you have any questions please e-mail me. I usually reply to e-mails within a day or two. Before sending me an e-mail, please read my "How to email a teacher" post from my biology blog ... really. http://cantorsbiologyblog.blogspot.com/2009/09/how-to-send-e-mail-to-teacher-really.html

Keep working on the rest of your summer assignment from the Bernstein Textbook and the Phineas Gage book. 

Friday, June 7, 2013

Saturday, May 11, 2013

Consumer Education Unit - Don't Get Ripped Off!


Your job is to become an expert on one of the following topics and then teach the important ideas about it to the class. Your final grades in the class and your consumer education credit depend on your project, your presentation and a final exam. Topics:
  1. “Why am I broke all the time?” How and why to do a personal budget.
  2. “What security deposit?” How to rent an apartment.
  3. “Pay myself first? What the…?” The how and why of savings.
  4. “As seen on TV.”  The power of advertising.
  5. “The story of stuff.” How do my buying habits affect the world?
  6. “Scams, spam and getting slammed.” How to avoid getting ripped off online and in the real world.
  7. “I wish my parents were rich.” How to pay for college and not get buried in debt.”
  8. “But I thought I was making 10 bucks an hour!” What to expect from wages. Where does all the money go from your paycheck?
  9. “Pay the man.” How to do your taxes.
  10. “Oh Lord, won’t ya buy me a Mercedes Benz.” How to buy cars and other expensive stuff. (or just take the train)
  11. “A cheeseburger costs $487.63?”  How to avoid credit card debt.
  12. “If it seems too good to be true...” How bad consumer decisions and bad government policy contributed to the recent financial crisis.
  13. “I always use protection!” How insurance can save your butt.
  14.  “But I thought buying this would make me happy” Needs, wants and satisfaction.
Products:
Each team must create:
* A one-page handout with key ideas which will be printed and distributed. (10pts)
* An activity so students can practice using the information. This can be a worksheet, a game, an online activity or some other learning tool – must involve real learning, not just a word search etc. (10pts)* A 10 question multiple choice quiz on your topic. (10pts)** In addition to the above, each team must present their information to the class through a PowerPoint presentation, a video, a website or other product (20pts). The presentation should be 10-12 minutes long and the activity should take 10-12 minutes.
All documents must be e-mailed to Mr. Cantor ( ptdworkin-cantor@cps.edu ) by May 22nd at midnight. I will print copies of your handouts and activities.
All documents must have titles that make sense.
Use this format: (color coded) Group Number, Topic, Type of Document.

For Example: Group01_Budget_Handout.doc, Group02_Renting_Quiz.doc, Group13_Insurance_Presentation.ppt, Group09_Taxes_Activity.docx

As you work - save your files often, and be sure to e-mail the most recent version to your partner(s) at the end of every class/work session. Losing your file is not an acceptable excuse for late or incomplete work. 

Here are some links to resources for our Consumer Education unit. You may and should use other sources, but these should get you started.

1 - Why am I broke all the time?
http://frugalliving.about.com/od/moneymanagement/tp/Simple_Saving.htm 
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/finances/budgets.htm 
http://www.dinkytown.net/java/HomeBudget.html

2 - What security deposit?
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/on_your_own.htm
http://www.tenant.org/
http://www.mytwodollars.com/2008/01/16/a-few-tips-for-first-time-apartment-renters/
http://ezinearticles.com/?Leasing-Planning-for-First-time-Apartment-Rental-Expenses&id=625503
http://data.cmap.illinois.gov/chicagoareahousing.org//Allinfo.asp?audience=r

3 - Pay myself first?
http://www.fool.com/how-to-invest/thirteen-steps/step-1-change-your-life-with-one-calculation.aspx?source=ii1sitlnk0000001
http://www.themint.org/teens/saving.html
http://www.themint.org/teens/compounding-calculator.html

4 - As seen on TV:
http://pbskids.org/dontbuyit/
http://www.icbs.com/kb/marketing/kb_marketing-psychological-tricks-in-selling.htm
http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~taflinge/words.html
http://www.factcheck.org/
http://www.cracked.com/article_15768_as-seen-on-tv-10-most-laughably-misleading-ads.html
https://www.adbusters.org/gallery/spoofads

5 - The story of stuff. 
http://www.storyofstuff.com/

http://www.npr.org/blogs/money/2010/03/how_much_does_a_pair_of_jeans.html 
http://www.globalissues.org/issue/235/consumption-and-consumerism
https://www.adbusters.org/campaigns/bnd
http://www.verdant.net/
http://www.lifehack.org/articles/lifestyle/how-to-avoid-being-enslaved-by-consumerism.html
http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/alex_steffen_sees_a_sustainable_future.html

6 - Scams, spam and getting slammed:
http://www.snopes.com/
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/buying_goods_and_services.htm
http://chicago.bbb.org/consumers/
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/technology/personaltech/20basics.html?src=me&ref=general

7 - I wish my parents were rich!
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/finances/financing_college.htm
http://www.collegeboard.com/student/pay/
http://apps.collegeboard.com/fincalc/ep/wizard-home.jsp

8 - But I thought I was making 10 bucks an hour...
http://www.themint.org/teens/earning.html
http://www.wallstats.com/deathandtaxes/
http://www.dinkytown.net/java/HomeBudget.html

9 - Pay the man.
http://www.freefile.irs.gov/
http://www.helium.com/items/159765-income-tax-tips-for-first-time-filers-the-w-2-your-first-step
http://www.bankrate.com/brm/itax/news/20040130a1.asp
http://www.irs.gov/
http://www.wallstats.com/deathandtaxes/

10 - Oh Lord, Won't ya buy me a Mercedes Benz..
http://www.themint.org/teens/spending.html
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/buying_goods_and_services.htm
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/transportation.htm
http://www.igocars.org/
http://www.activetrans.org/
http://www.lyricsfreak.com/j/janis+joplin/mercedes+benz_20069845.html
http://www.jango.com/music/Janis+Joplin?l=0

11 - A cheeseburger costs $487.63!
http://www.themint.org/teens/owing.html
http://frugalliving.about.com/od/moneymanagement/tp/Get_Out_of_Debt.htm
http://www.themint.org/teens/i-paid-how-much.html
http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/article-29911.html
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/finances/credit_cards.htm

12 - If it seems too good to be true...
http://baselinescenario.com/financial-crisis-for-beginners/
http://www.npr.org/blogs/money/2008/12/whats_causing_the_crisis.html
http://socyberty.com/economics/the-financial-crisis-for-dummies/
http://www.dosomething.org/blog/chatterbox/financial-crisis-teen-are-feeling-pinch-too
http://vodpod.com/watch/1035776-financial-crisis-for-dummies

13 - How Insurance can save your butt...
http://www.progressive.com/shop/teen-car-insurance-resources.aspx
http://insurance.mo.gov/consumer/teens/index.htm
http://www.superpages.com/supertips/car-insurance-for-teenagers.html
http://www.allkidscovered.com/
http://www.geico.com/information/aboutinsurance/renters/
http://www.giis.org/rent/rent.shtml
14. “But I thought buying this would make me happy” Needs, wants and satisfaction.
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/how-to-be-happy/MY01357
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AvFWBLOjisE
http://www.happyplanetindex.org/data/
http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2012-01-07/business/35441224_1_day-to-day-happiness-angus-deaton-real-relationship
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/16/business/16leonhardt.html?_r=0
http://www.pnas.org/content/107/52/22463.full
http://web.extension.illinois.edu/money/values.cfm