Friday, September 15, 2017

Unit 2, Chapter 1 - History of Psychology

Psychology started as people began to scientifically observe and experiment to try to understand human behavior and mental processes. Prior to psychology, philosophers used their imagination and logic to attempt to explain things like thought, emotion and behavior. This chapter is about how psychology began, and the different "schools of thought" that have made up the field from the past to the present. 


Bernstein Chapter 1  Pg. 1-26
Reading assignment notes check (10 pts): Due Tues 9/19  (How many pages per day?)
Flashcard check (10 pts): Due Thurs 9/21
History of Psych Quiz on Friday 9/22


Objectives (think about these as you read and review– KNOW THE ANSWERS!!
            1. What is psychology?
            2. What are the major subfields of psychology and how are they different?
            3. How is psychology related to other fields like philosophy and biology?
            4. What is empiricism and what is empirical research?
5. Describe the history of psychology by comparing psychophysics, structuralism, Gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, functionalism, behaviorism and humanism.
6. Compare and contrast the basic assumptions of six major approaches to understanding psychological phenomena: Biological, Evolutionary, Psychodynamic, Behavioral, Cognitive, Humanistic.
7. What is the “eclectic” approach to psychology?
8. How does culture influence behavior and mental processes?
9. What is “diversity” in psychology – how might bias affect the field of psychology?

Bernstein Text Chapter 1 Pp. 1 – 26 –
Read and take Cornell notes based on your reading instructions. Write down how long it takes you to complete the reading and notes so you can know what to expect in terms of studying for future chapters.
             
Flashcards  - 

1.     Key Term Flashcards: Make Flashcards of the Key Terms that are bolded in the text in addition to cards for the following terms:  Gusav Fechner, Wilhelm Wundt, Edward Titchner, Structuralism, Gestalt, Freud, Psychoanalysis, William James, Functionalism, Mary Whiton Calkins, John B. Watson, Behaviorism, Humanism, Social Psychology

If you're ready to have your big brain explode, our friend Hank Green does a great job of laying out the basics of the history of psych too... be ready for some rapid-fire knowledge with this one.



You can watch it directly on Youtube too.


And while this video about the history of psych is not a snappy as Hank's, it covers more people and movements in the history of this most interesting field.





Some really helpful timelines of the history of psychology:

http://www.learner.org/series/discoveringpsychology/history/history_nonflash.html

http://allpsych.com/timeline/#.VgioYGRViko

http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/psychistory.htm

And... a sample from a comic called Action Philosophers

http://www.actionphilosophers.com/eviltwin_actionphilosophers_preview.pdf

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Unit 1 Chapter 7... MEMORY!!

Unit 1 Chapter 7 - Memory

Unit 1 Chapter 7 Memory
Key ideas from Memory Unit:
Encoding, episodic vs. semantic and procedural memory, explicit vs. implicit memory, maintenance and rehearsal strategies to improve memory, various models of how memory works such as PDP and Info Processing, understand the difference between sensory, short term, and long term memory, compare recency and primacy effects, understand what affects memory retrieval, understand the limits of eye-witness testimony, Herman Ebbinghauss , compare retroactive and proactive interference,  compare retrograde and anterograde amnesia,
*****Use mnemonics and distributed practice to learn all this stuff and know why you are remembering and forgetting.




Good overview of basic memory concepts.

A whole site dedicated to human memory... very helpful. It has this very complete concept map.
http://www.human-memory.net/types.html
Crash Course Psychology with our friend Hank!
How we make memories...  https://youtu.be/bSycdIx-C48 




Remembering and Forgetting 
  
Some fun memory games you can do online

Elizabeth Loftus's Ted Talk - The Fiction of Memory... the rape conviction of an innocent man... 


NOVA: How Memory Works


Article - What Science Says about Ferguson: Hacked memory.  We may all be working from different sets of "facts" about the same event.
http://www.forbes.com/sites/fayeflam/2014/12/01/what-science-says-about-the-ferguson-case-memory-can-be-hacked/

This is not specifically about memory, but about implicit associations we make about people.
https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/ You can take some of the Implicit Association Tests to see what some of your implicit associations about people and groups are. I’m putting it with this unit as an example of implicit vs. explicit thought processes.

Story from National Public Radio (NPR) about H.M., the man who had the bilateral removal of his hippocampus (What is the plural of hippocampus?) and ended up with the nearly complete inability to form new memories. Find out why he had his hippocampus removed and learn about this amazing case study of anterograde amnesia. 
 http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7584970

And an article from Psychology Today about H.M.

This video clip was made based on 2000 slices that were made of H.M.'s brain after he died in 2008. 



The movie Memento was the first feature film by star director Christopher Nolan who went on to direct The Dark Night and Inception. It is a fictional film about a character who, like H.M.,  loses the ability to create any new memories, but still tries to solve a horrible crime.

It is rated R due to some very violent content and adult language. If that sort of film is acceptable to you and your parents, you can stream it on Netflix or rent it. It's definitely not appropriate for younger siblings. 

Sunday, April 16, 2017

Shirts! Be proud of your huge brain!!! (h/t Ms. Livas)

For 2016-1017 NGHS AP PSYCH students!

Order your FREE (Donated by Strange Cargo) AP Psych Shirt NOW.

 https://goo.gl/forms/dDnCZyMWiVAOv5Zi2 


Units 17 and 18 Social Psychology



You should also be reviewing while you learn this new material. Scroll down to all our previous blog posts and check out our review resources !


THE FOLLOWING LINKS FEATURE VERY IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. REVIEW SHERIF'S, ASCH'S, MILGRAM'S AND ZIMBARDO'S CLASSIC STUDIES AND READ UP ON THE "BYSTANDER EFFECT." 

The Robber's Cave - Sherif: In-group, out-group, Bias, Bonding, Competition and Cooperation  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6QGNxRGgBwM


Social Thinking - Crash Course


Social Influene - Crash Course

The Bystander Effect... what would you do?

This happened a few years ago in NYC it looks like a 31 year-old Guatemalan man named Hugo Alfredo Tale-Yax was stabbed on the street in New York City and many pedestrians walked right past him as he died. You can read the story and see a surveillance video here.

Read more about the bystander effect here

The Bystander Effect/Diffusion of Responsibility video we saw in class is below or here


Asch's Conformity

Solomon Asch's conformity study showed how easily people will give an obviously wrong answer when other people are giving that same answer. Watch the video at the link below:

Milgram's Obedience

Stanley Milgram's obedience study was recently partly replicated by ABC's Prime Time show. Watch how easily people follow orders even when they know the orders are wrong.

Zimbardo's Prison Roles

Philip Zimbardo's experiment about how roles affect behavior is known as the "Stanford Prison Experiment." Those playing inmates became passive while those playing guards became aggressive. Subjects' real identities seemed to pale in comparison to the roles they played so much that the experiment had to be stopped after a few days. Who knows what would have happened if the experiment had gone on for two full weeks.
https://youtu.be/RpDVFp3FM_4


Prejudice and Discrimination - Crash Course
https://youtu.be/7P0iP2Zm6a4 

Aggression v. Altruism - Crash Course
https://youtu.be/XoTx7Rt4dig

Treatment of Psych Disorders

(Scroll down below this post for earlier posts such as Review Resources )

What are the main ways we treat psychological illness? What are the important the differences between psychotherapy and the biomedical approach? How does the psychodynamic approach compare to the humanistic approach? Are some treatments more effective for some disorders? Does psychotherapy work? Do psychiatric medications work? How do we know?

If you are concerned about your own mental health or that of someone close to you, speak to your counselor or teacher right away. If it's an emergency - that someone is going to hurt themselves or others, call 911. In a non-emergency the school can refer you to someone who can help, such as the professionals at the Near North Health Service Corp. which is only about a block from school. 

Trepanation- cutting holes in the skull - is no longer used as treatment of mental illness.  For other obsolete forms of psychiatric treatment, see this list.
The PsychCentral website lists all the disorders in the DSM 5 including their previous DSM IV names, so you can see how the textbook relates to the new DSM 5 listings.

The Mayo Clinic website has a good explanation of many mental illnesses including symptoms and treatment options.

Getting Help - Psychotherapy Crash Course


Biomedical Treatments - and Effectiveness of Psychological Treatments Crash Course


How do Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) antidepressants work?


The Mayo Clinic has a good webpage that explains how SSRI and Serotonin/Norepinephrine SNRI's  work.

A detailed explanation of Freud and the basis for psychoanalysis (at 5:50 or so) - The School of Life


An AP Psych Review video for this unit - basically like having a tutor showing you a Prezzi and discussing each major idea. The nice thing is, you can pause and take notes which is something you can't usually do during class.



And finally... one mnemonic you can use to remember that Aaron Beck's cognitive approach to treatment involved reducing negative thinking about the self.

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Ch. 15 & 16 Psychological Disorders



Psychological Disorders 
(scroll down for earlier posts such as Review Resources and the Personality unit with the Personality Test)

About 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older — about one in four adults — suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.

About 6 percent of American adults suffer from a serious mental illness such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and severe depression.

For more information about the DSM 5 see http://www.mainepsych.org/Resources/Pages/DSM5.aspx

Our book is based on DSM IV and many aspects of DSM 5 are similar, but there are some differences. The link above takes you to a DSM 5 overview page with links to specific changes. The Hank videos we saw in class and which are posted below are based on DSM 5. 

The following videos will help you understand the current definition of what a psychological disorder is, and learn about some of the main specific psych disorders.

You can turn on the Closed Captioning (cc) to see the text on the screen and pause/rewind the video as it plays so you can take notes on the Psych Disorders sheet I passed out in class.

Psychological Disorders - Crash Course


OCD and Anxiety Disorders - Crash Course


Depressive and Bipolar Disorders - Crash Course


Trauma and Addiction - Crash Course (we didn't see this one in class)


Schizophrenia and Related Disorders - Crash Course


Schizophrenia Simulation Video - (Produced by a pharmaceutical company)


Eating and Body Dysmorphic Disorders - Crash Course


Personality Disorders - Crash Course

Ch. 14 - Personality!

In this assignment, you'll find how you rate on the  big 5 (O.C.E.A.N.) personality inventory.

Openness
Conscientiousness
Extroversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism
Take this "Big Five" personality inventory and then post a comment on this post about it (see below for instructions about your comment.)

You can post your results by copying and pasting the HTML code at the bottom of the Big 5 results page into your comments. Write about your results and what you think about them. Was this test accurate or not. Ask someone who knows you what they think and write about their view as well. (you can see my comment about my Big 5 results) Leave your post as "anonymous" but sign it with your FIRST NAME and LAST INITIAL only. Remember, comments are moderated, so it will not show up right away.

Take the Big Five Personality Inventory here : http://www.outofservice.com/bigfive/

Big 5 personality results
These are Mr. Cantor's results... do you think they are accurate?

The cartoon is for entertainment purposes only...  you must click the link
above the cartoon to take the Big 5 Test.

Hank talks Rorschach and the Freudiens ... what do you see here? 


Speaking of Freud.... you can take a Freudian Personality Test here. (just hit "next" on the first page to start)
My results are below... hmmm... I guess answering "I never want to grow up" a couple of times had a big effect on this very unscientific test. 
Freudian Inventory Results
Oral (50%) you appear to have a good balance of independence and interdependence knowing when to accept help and when to do things on your own.
Anal (46%) you appear to have a good balance of self control and spontaneity, order and chaos, variety and selectivity.
Phallic (50%) you appear to have a good balance of sexual awareness and sexual composure.
Latency (63%) you appear to be afraid or averse to present or future real world responsibilities, this will only make your inevitable transition more difficult, so learn to deal with the real world.
Genital (63%) you appear to have a progressive and openminded outlook on life unbeholden to regressive forces like traditional authority and convention.
Take Free Freudian Inventory Test
personality tests by similarminds.com
...and measuring personality.... 

AP Psych Review Resources to Get You to a FIVE!!!!

We're getting to the point where we need to review all that we've learned this year WHILE continuing to master new content as we finish our last few units. Use this post as your guide to get started.

If you tend to procrastinate... and most of us do.... you should read this post about how to overcome procrastination. http://www.spring.org.uk/2014/03/10-foolproof-tips-for-overcoming-procrastination.php

Use the AP Psychology Score Calculator http://appass.com/calculators/psychology to see what it takes to get a 3, 4 or 5. Move the sliders and hit "calculate" to see the score.

Some good review resources:

AP Study Notes.ORG has great very simple outlines of each chapter based on a different psych textbook than we use. It's a good idea to review these in your study process to review and see a slightly different perspective.  https://www.apstudynotes.org/psychology/outlines/

APPSYCHOLGOY.COM
This wacky ap psych teacher has a fantastic website full of review quizzes and more... way more. His powerpoints are great as are some of the videos he has available.http://www.appsychology.com/HowPass/howpasshome.htm







LEARNERATOR.COM
You can also try out the free AP Psych questions on the Learnerator or pay the 10-15 bucks to sign up.

New App from iScore5 - $4.99 with lots of AP practice questions and a full practice test. For iPhone and Android.
http://www.iscore5.com/apreg-psychology.html 

YOUTUBE.COM
Mr. Schallhorn, an AP Psych teacher in California, put together a great set of YouTube videos you can use to review for AP Psych. His YouTube channel is at the following address. 

The whole Crash Course Psychology series is free on YouTube. 
You can watch them all here... thanks Hank. 

YOURBOOKSNOTESANDFLASHCARDS(not)COM
You also have your AP Review Books, your Bernstein Study Guides, and the thousands of flashcards and hundreds of pages of notes you've created this year.

TWITTER.COM
Mr. Jones, an AP Psych teacher from North Carolina started using Twitter a few years ago for  AP Psych review.
"...if a student has a question about AP Psych, they can just type the question on Twitter and put this at the end of the tweet:  #appsychreview  
For those of you who are old hats at Twitter, you’ll recognize #appsychreview as a hashtag – it’s a way to group together tweets with a common theme. Anyone can then assist the student with their question – it could be a AP Psych teacher, a professor, or even a fellow AP Psych student. I’ve asked a few AP teachers to help out, but we would love your help. If you are familiar with Twitter and you would like to help out with answering questions, it’s probably easiest to set up a separate search for #appsychreview or just bookmark this link: https://twitter.com/#!/search/realtime/appsychreview ."

For info about how to use #APPaychReview see http://teachinghighschoolpsychology.blogspot.com/2014/03/the-return-of-return-of-ap-psych-review.html?m=1#sthash.lOcy1InI.dpbs

Keep in mind that sometimes it will be other students answering questions, so it's not necessarily as authoritative as a textbook or other edited resource. Then again, sometimes students can explain things best. 

The hashtag #APPsych is also full of interesting psych related tweets... you can use both hashtags to get a greater response to your AP Psych related tweets. 

As you find other resources, please e-mail them to me at ptdworkin-cantor at cps.edu or post them in the comments section of this post.

Do you like electronic flash-cards? Do you use Apps? You might like http://www.studyblue.com/ which has tons of electronic flash-cards and even a smartphone app. Just type "psychology" into the search box (I want to learn "this") and go for it. You can sign on to get a free account using your facebook account or any e-mail account.

You can find other psych based apps at http://www.thepsychfiles.com/2010/04/episode-121-top-10-psychology-apps-for-the-ipad-iphone-ipod/ There are also links to Android apps there. Some are free, some cost money. Check the reviews carefully before spending your cash. I have not tried them out yet, so if you find one you think is great, please share about it in the comments section of this post.

Finally... USE THIS BLOG! There is a post from just about every unit with videos and resources you can use to review. Scroll down for older posts... at the bottom you can just click on "older posts" to go all the way back to the beginning of the year.