Thursday, December 20, 2018

Unit 8, Chapter 8: Cognition and Language

Reading assignments:


Bernstein Text Chapter 8 Pp. 275-319
Notes Check Mon, Jan 7                  
Flash Cards Due Fri. Jan 11
Concept Map Due Tues, Jan 15      
Unit Quiz: Wed. Jan 16

Read and take Cornell Notes: Make connections! Put in your own words! Write examples, mnemonics. Also... you should be reviewing past units as you go. Make connections between units. What do these concepts have to do with learning and memory? 

Key concepts:
Cognition: Evoked Brain Potentials, Formal and Natural Concepts, Prototypes, Schemas, Scripts, Mental Models, Cognitive Maps, Rules of Logic, Propositions, Syllogisms, Formal and Informal Reasoning, Algorithms, Heuristics including Anchoring,  Representativeness, and Availability, Mental Set, Functional Fixedness, Confirmation Bias, Fundamental Attribution Error, Foot in the door, Door in the face, Gambler’s Fallacy
Language: Grammar, Phonemes, Morphemes, Syntax, Semantics, Surface and Deep Structure of Language, Babbling, Telegraphic Speech

How do we measure thinking? Sometimes by looking at processing time... "Mental Chronometry"

Use THIS LINK to take a "Simon" test - comparing "compatible" vs "incompatible" responses.


































Our friend Hank on cognition



and... Hank on language



and... Steve Pinker on how kids learn language



Being raised bilingual can change brain development in some interesting ways!
https://www.ted.com/talks/mia_nacamulli_the_benefits_of_a_bilingual_brain?language=en


Monday, December 3, 2018

Unit 7 - Chapter 6 - Learning about... wait for it.... LEARNING!



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Notes due: Mon Dec. 10
Concept Map Wed. Dec. 12
Flash Cards due: Fri. Dec. 14
Unit Test: Mon. Dec. 17         Cumulative Review Test on Friday 12/21 (chapters 1-7)


Pavlov won the Nobel Prize for his work... This website has simulations and lots of great info on him. 


Classical Conditioning on the show, "The Office" 

What is the UCS, the UCR, the NS, the CS and the CR? 


Classical Conditioning of of emotions by John Watson ... the birth of Behaviorism...poor Little Albert



Operant Conditioning: 



Operant Conditioning - B.F. Skinner the ultimate Behaviorist



Observational Learning:




Observational Learning / Social Learning - Can you learn just by watching? Albert Bandura


Children See - Children Do... PSA about Observational Learning


Insight Learning: 

Insight Learning... a sudden inspiration - no trial and error, no reinforcement.



And... our friend Hank explains with two great videos. 




Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Unit 6, Chapter 5 - Perception: Making sense of sensation.

Reading Notes Due: Mon. Nov. 19
MEANINGFUL Flashcards on Key Terms Due: Mon. Nov. 26
Concept Map Due on Tues. Nov. 27
Quiz Thurs. Nov. 29

See assignment sheet for Key Ideas! 

Hank explains the distinction between sensation and perception... Thanks Hank!



See how top-down processing affects perception... Can you count how many passes the white-shirted players make in this basketball video? (It's on YouTube, so it may not work in school. You can get to it at home on this link http://youtu.be/IGQmdoK_ZfY if the embedded video doesn't work)




Which way is this dancer spinning?



Clockwise or counter clockwise?
This site shows you how the illusion works http://ofb.net/~whuang/imgs/spin/




Which is the front and which is the back of the Necker Cube? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fEN8YAXdOak


Subliminal messages? How effective are they?
Democrats accused Republicans of putting a subliminal message into this Bush campaign commercial? Do you think it was intentional? Do you think it would have an effect? Click here if the embedded video isn't working http://youtu.be/2NPKxhfFQMs



Light constancy... our expectations and experience shape what we think we see. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIFXcR2NxcY


A mashup of optical illusions... see how many you can relate to concepts we're learning about
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hrhGTR54E5k  


Cognitive Scientist Beau Lotto studies color perception in humans and bees.
Here is the link if the embedded video isn't working for you. http://www.ted.com/talks/beau_lotto_optical_illusions_show_how_we_see.html



Apollo Robbins is a skilled pick-pocket who shows us a thing or two about attention.
Link: http://www.ted.com/talks/apollo_robbins_the_art_of_misdirection.html