Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Unit 9, Ch 9 - Consciousness!

Consciousness... your awareness of your own existence and various states and alterations thereof. 


Notes                                       due Friday 1/24
Dream Journal:                     due Wed 1/22(check) and Mon  2/3 (turn in)
Flash Cards:                          due Monday 1/27
Unit QUIZ                             Tuesday 2/4

You need to start keeping a dream journal TONIGHT. Each time you wake up in the morning, or even after a nap, write down everything you can remember from your dreams. Write down as many details as possible and try to write the “story” of the dream if there seems to be one. THEN write how the dream made you feel and any associations you have to the content of the dream.

If you don’t remember your dream that day, make an entry explaining any thoughts or feelings you had when you first awoke. You will need to show me your dream journal to get credit, so you may leave out or “mask” any parts you find too personal. We will share and interpret a few dreams in class on a voluntary basis, so bring your journal every day.

Bernstein Text Chapter 9 Pp. 320 - 358

Read and take Cornell Notes – Try to create MEANING by making connections to things you already know and putting information into your own words as much as possible.
                         
Do MEANINGFUL FLASH CARDS – In your own words – Diagrams – Mnemonics!

Key Concepts:
Functions of consciousness, Levels of consciousness, Supraliminal vs. Subliminal, Neuropsychology of consciousness, States of consciousness, SLEEP – Stages of sleep, How sleep changes over the lifespan, Sleep disorders, Function of sleep/dreams, Theories of dreams – function and structure, Hypnosis, Meditation, DRUGS – Psychopharmacology, Effects of different drugs, Depressants, Stimulants, Opiates, Hallucinogens, - Thinking Critical = Is marijuana dangerous?

Can you turn each key concept into one or more questions and then answer them?
Anticipate what will be on the test. Anticipate what FRQs seem likely.                              
Meditation - an altered state of 
consciousness?
How can meditation help you live a fuller and more balanced life? Andy Puddicombe discusses how it helps him live in the "present moment"... and he juggles a little too.

Starting to meditate? 
Here are links to a couple of online meditation timers. They can help you concentrate on your meditation because you don't have to worry about how much time has passed.  
http://www.onlinemeditationtimer.com/ 
http://www.yourmeditationtimer.com/timer

There are many interesting and useful meditation timer apps too. 
http://appcrawlr.com/ios-apps/best-free-apps-tibetan-singing-bowls  
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=net.redlinesoft.app.singingbowl&hl=en


And some videos from Hank...




Prosopagnosia: What if you could see normally but could not recognize faces... even your own? 
Writer Oliver Sacks of "The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat" fame has this condition and discusses his latest book about prosopagnosia in this interview from a public radio program called "To the Best of Our Knowledge." You can hear the interview and read the transcript at the following link: 


Videos on Consciousness



Discovering Psychology program 13 "The Mind Awake and Asleep" is at http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/13/e13expand.html 

Discovering Psychology program 14 "The Mind Hidden and Divided" is at 
http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/14/e14expand.html

Article: The Meaning of Dreams by Jonathan Winson
Read it HERE - Are dreams symbolic, just random or are they a crucial step in processing memories? 

Hypnosis!


What is hypnosis? A state of heightened suggestibility with real effects in the brain.  

Here is a blog post about what hypnosis ISN'T ... 8 Popular Myths About Hypnosis 


Mouse Party?

What would you see inside the brains of mice who were taking drugs? This interactive website gives you a glimpse inside the brains and synapses of mice on drugs including alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, heroin, meth, ecstasy, and LSD.

Identify how each drug affects the brain. What neurotransmitter(s) does it affect? Is it inhibitory or excitatory? Does it block re-uptake or work some other way? Which parts of the brain are most affected?

You can explore other effects of drugs of abuse here

Dream Journal  - You should be making entries into your dream journal every day. If you don't remember a dream from the night, you should write about what emotions or thoughts you had upon awakening. If you don't have anything to enter for a day, you should write about a dream you had some time in the past - even the distant past. 

The point of the dream journal assignment is to get you to pay attention to your dreams and to start to think about various theories of dream interpretation to see if you think they apply.

Friday, December 20, 2019

Unit 8 Chapter 8 - Cognition - Yes, thinking about thinking

Bernstein Text Chapter 8 Pp. 275-319
Notes Check Mon, Jan 6                  
Flash Cards Due Fri. Jan 10
Concept Map Due Tues, Jan 14      
Unit Quiz: Wed. Jan 15

Read and take Cornell Notes: Make connections! Put in your own words! Write examples, mnemonics. Also... you should be reviewing past units as you go. Make connections between units. What do these concepts have to do with learning and memory? 

Key concepts:
Cognition: Evoked Brain Potentials, Formal and Natural Concepts, Prototypes, Schemas, Scripts, Mental Models, Cognitive Maps, Rules of Logic, Propositions, Syllogisms, Formal and Informal Reasoning, Algorithms, Heuristics including Anchoring,  Representativeness, and Availability, Mental Set, Functional Fixedness, Confirmation Bias, Fundamental Attribution Error, Foot in the door, Door in the face, Gambler’s Fallacy
Language: Grammar, Phonemes, Morphemes, Syntax, Semantics, Surface and Deep Structure of Language, Babbling, Telegraphic Speech

How do we measure thinking? Sometimes by looking at processing time... "Mental Chronometry"

Use THIS LINK to take a "Simon" test - comparing "compatible" vs "incompatible" responses.


































Our friend Hank on cognition



and... Hank on language



and... Steve Pinker on how kids learn language



Being raised bilingual can change brain development in some interesting ways!
https://www.ted.com/talks/mia_nacamulli_the_benefits_of_a_bilingual_brain?language=en


Thursday, December 12, 2019

Unit 7 Chapter 6 Learning ... yes, learning about learning


Notes OR Flashcards (you pick) - due: Mon Dec. 16
Concept Map Wed. Dec. 18
Unit Test: Friday. Dec. 20     


Key concepts to understand (each of these should be in your notes and/or your flash-cards!):
1. What is Classical Conditioning?
            Who discovered it?
            How does it work?
            What are the CS, US, UCS, UCR etc.?
            Explain extinction and spontaneous recovery.
            What is “second order conditioning?”
            How has it been applied to emotion and phobias?
2. What is Operant Conditioning?
            Who discovered it?
            How does it work?
            What is the “Law of Effect?”
            What are schedules of reinforcement? (partial, fixed, variable, ratio, interval…)
            What is stimulus discrimination?
            What is shaping?
            How do schedules of reinforcement affect extinction and learning?
            Explain positive vs negative reinforcement and punishment.
3. What is Learned Helplessness?
4. What is Latent Learning? 
5. What is Observational Learning?
6. What is Vicarious Conditioning?
7. What is Insight Learning?
Names to know and make Flash-Cards of in addition to highlighted terms from the chapter: Pavlov, Watson, Thorndike, Skinner, Seligman, Bandura




Pavlov won the Nobel Prize for his work on Classical Conditioning... This website has simulations and lots of great info on him. 


Classical Conditioning on the show, "The Office" 

What is the UCS, the UCR, the NS, the CS and the CR? 


Classical Conditioning of of emotions by John Watson ... the birth of Behaviorism...poor Little Albert



Operant Conditioning: 



Operant Conditioning - B.F. Skinner the ultimate Behaviorist



Observational Learning:




Observational Learning / Social Learning - Can you learn just by watching? Albert Bandura


Children See - Children Do... PSA about Observational Learning


Insight Learning: 

Insight Learning... a sudden inspiration - no trial and error, no reinforcement.



And... our friend Hank explains with two great videos.