Monday, September 17, 2018

Unit 2, Chapter 1 - History of Psychology

Psychology started as people began to scientifically observe and experiment to try to understand human behavior and mental processes. Prior to psychology, philosophers used their imagination and logic to attempt to explain things like thought, emotion and behavior. This chapter is about how psychology began, and the different "schools of thought" that have made up the field from the past to the present. 



Bernstein Chapter 1  Pg. 1-26
Reading assignment notes check (10 pts): Due Tues 9/18  (How many pages per day?)
Flashcard check (10 pts): Due Wed 9/19
History of Psych Quiz on Thurs 9/20


Objectives (think about these as you read and review– KNOW THE ANSWERS!!
            1. What is psychology?
            2. What are the major subfields of psychology and how are they different?
            3. How is psychology related to other fields like philosophy and biology?
            4. What is empiricism and what is empirical research?
5. Describe the history of psychology by comparing psychophysics, structuralism, Gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, functionalism, behaviorism and humanism.
6. Compare and contrast the basic assumptions of six major approaches to understanding psychological phenomena: Biological, Evolutionary, Psychodynamic, Behavioral, Cognitive, Humanistic.
7. What is the “eclectic” approach to psychology?
8. How does culture influence behavior and mental processes?
9. What is “diversity” in psychology – how might bias affect the field of psychology?

Bernstein Text Chapter 1 Pp. 1 – 26 –
Read and take Cornell notes based on your reading instructions. Write down how long it takes you to complete the reading and notes so you can know what to expect in terms of studying for future chapters.
             
Flashcards  - 

1.     Key Term Flashcards: Make Flashcards of the Key Terms that are bolded in the text in addition to cards for the following terms:  Gusav Fechner, Wilhelm Wundt, Edward Titchner, Structuralism, Gestalt, Freud, Psychoanalysis, William James, Functionalism, Mary Whiton Calkins, John B. Watson, Behaviorism, Humanism, Social Psychology

If you're ready to have your big brain explode, our friend Hank Green does a great job of laying out the basics of the history of psych too... be ready for some rapid-fire knowledge with this one.



You can watch it directly on Youtube too.


And while this video about the history of psych is not a snappy as Hank's, it covers more people and movements in the history of this most interesting field.





Some really helpful timelines of the history of psychology:

http://www.learner.org/series/discoveringpsychology/history/history_nonflash.html

http://allpsych.com/timeline/#.VgioYGRViko

http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/psychistory.htm

And... a sample from a comic called Action Philosophers

http://www.actionphilosophers.com/eviltwin_actionphilosophers_preview.pdf

Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Unit 1 Ch. 7 Memory!!

Unit 1 Chapter 7 Memory
Key ideas from Memory Unit:
Encoding, episodic vs. semantic and procedural memory, explicit vs. implicit memory, maintenance and rehearsal strategies to improve memory, various models of how memory works such as PDP and Info Processing, understand the difference between sensory, short term, and long term memory, compare recency and primacy effects, understand what affects memory retrieval, understand the limits of eye-witness testimony, Herman Ebbinghauss , compare retroactive and proactive interference,  compare retrograde and anterograde amnesia,
*****Use mnemonics and distributed practice to learn all this stuff and know why you are remembering and forgetting.




Good overview of basic memory concepts.

A whole site dedicated to human memory... very helpful. It has this very complete concept map.
http://www.human-memory.net/types.html
Crash Course Psychology with our friend Hank!
How we make memories...  https://youtu.be/bSycdIx-C48 




Remembering and Forgetting 
  
Some fun memory games you can do online

Elizabeth Loftus's Ted Talk - The Fiction of Memory... the rape conviction of an innocent man... 


NOVA: How Memory Works


Article - What Science Says about Ferguson: Hacked memory.  We may all be working from different sets of "facts" about the same event.
http://www.forbes.com/sites/fayeflam/2014/12/01/what-science-says-about-the-ferguson-case-memory-can-be-hacked/

This is not specifically about memory, but about implicit associations we make about people.
https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/ You can take some of the Implicit Association Tests to see what some of your implicit associations about people and groups are. I’m putting it with this unit as an example of implicit vs. explicit thought processes.

Story from National Public Radio (NPR) about H.M., the man who had the bilateral removal of his hippocampus (What is the plural of hippocampus?) and ended up with the nearly complete inability to form new memories. Find out why he had his hippocampus removed and learn about this amazing case study of anterograde amnesia. 
 http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7584970

And an article from Psychology Today about H.M.

This video clip was made based on 2000 slices that were made of H.M.'s brain after he died in 2008. 



The movie Memento was the first feature film by star director Christopher Nolan who went on to direct The Dark Night and Inception. It is a fictional film about a character who, like H.M.,  loses the ability to create any new memories, but still tries to solve a horrible crime.

It is rated R due to some very violent content and adult language. If that sort of film is acceptable to you and your parents, you can stream it on Netflix or rent it. It's definitely not appropriate for younger siblings. 

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Summer Assignment Part 2 - Blog Comment Due Aug 24

If you still need to complete Part 1, scroll down to see that blog post. 

After you have read Phineas Gage and worked on the Phineas Gage Reading Guide Questions you should post your review of the book in the COMMENTS to THIS blog post.  Please read all the instructions below before writing your Book Review.  (use the "comment" link below this post)  




Your comment should be a review of the book. A book review is a critical assessment of the book in which you share your opinions (claims) about the book and back up those opinions with examples from the book (evidence). Be sure to describe the story AND the style of the book. 

Some questions you might want to think about as you write: What did you think of the book? What did you find most interesting? What are some new or surprising things you learned from the book? Why do you think Phineas was "lucky" or "unlucky?" Are there other texts (books, movies, etc.) that relate to the story of Phineas? Why or why would you not recommend it to a friend? 

As with the last blog assignment, I will not show the comments until the deadline so everyone has a chance to work on the assignment without being too influenced by other peoples' work. Do not re-send your post multiple times. Please don't e-mail me to see if I got your comment, if the blog says it was received...that is your confirmation. If you aren't sure, take a screenshot of your comment so you have proof you sent it.
Please note: As always you can e-mail me with questions. If you're having trouble with the blog, just e-mail me your comment or your screenshot so I have evidence you completed it before the deadline. 

Here are a couple of links about writing a good book review:
http://www.booktrust.org.uk/books/teenagers/writing-tips/tips-for-writing-book-reviews/ 
http://www.ttms.org/say_about_a_book/whats_a_book_review.htm 
Here is a review of the book, The Hunger Games you can use as an example of a book review. Of course it's about a fictional novel, not a non-fiction book like Phineas Gage. 
http://childrensbooks.about.com/od/productreviews/fr/The-Hunger-Games-review.htm

And just for fun.... 


Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Summer Assignment Part 1 - Due July 20

WELCOME TO AP PSYCHOLOGY AT NORTH-GRAND!

Be sure to sign up for our Remind text alerts and Google Classroom using the codes on your syllabus. 

Ten Most Revealing Psychology Experiments!



Read all these instructions carefully before beginning!

Go to this link about the Ten Most Revealing Psychology Experiments and read through the summaries of all ten of them. 

***** If the above link is broken (or even if it's not) you can use the following link as an alternative set of experiments to get you started : 10 Famous Psychology Experiments that Could Never Happen Today  This link is really about the ethics of doing these experiments on humans and animals, but you can use it as a starting point, then use Google to find other sources about the experiments themselves. 

Select one of the experiments that you think is interesting. Click on the link in the summary to start your research about that experiment. Read through the information and seek out other information online. There may be good YouTube videos or other sources you should investigate. You can also look up some of the experiments or the experimenters in your textbook. Be sure to keep track of all your sources and stick to authoritative sources for your main research.

In your comment to THIS BLOG POST please do the following to complete the assignment:

1. Summarize the experiment. Include who did it, when they did it,where they did it, and what they did.
2. Explain the importance of the experiment to our understanding of human behavior. Make a claim about why you think the experiment is considered to have provided a valuable insight into the way people think and/or act. **NOTE: some of these studies have turned out to be problematic in terms of ethics and scientific methodology. See if there are any solid critiques of the study you chose. Did the study put people at unnecessary risk? Have other researchers been able to replicate it? Was it affected by experimenter bias? 
3. Give one example of how the experiment can be applied to everyday life. You can use yourself or someone you know in the example, or make up an example that you think the experiment might apply to in normal life.
4. At the end of your post include all sources (full URLs, please) and sign the post with your first name and just the initial letter of your last name (for example: Phillip D.)
5. To send your comment please click the "Name/URL" option and put your first name and last initial in the "Name" box. Don't fill in the URL box.  

I strongly suggest that you write your comment in Word, Docs or other program first so you can check your spelling etc. and then just paste it into the comments at the end of this post.This will also allow you to save your work in case the blog does something strange. 

Your post should be 3 to 5 paragraphs long and should demonstrate some original thinking on your part. Do not cut-and-paste or copy any text directly. Include full URLs of all sources you use at the end of your post. 

Your comment will not show up on the blog until close to the due-date, as I want everyone to approach the project without being biased by seeing the posted work of others in the class. If you aren't sure if your comment went through you may e-mail me and I'll let you know. Please don't keep re-sending it over and over. If your comment is too long, it may not let you post it and show an error message. If this happens, try breaking your comment up into 2 or 3 parts and label them appropriately. 

If you have any questions please e-mail me. I usually reply to e-mails within a day or two. Before sending me an e-mail, please read my "How to email a teacher" post from my biology blog ... really. http://cantorsbiologyblog.blogspot.com/2009/09/how-to-send-e-mail-to-teacher-really.html

If you're having trouble figuring out how to comment, you can watch this handy video

Keep working on the rest of your summer assignment from the Bernstein Textbook and the Phineas Gage book. 

Thursday, May 10, 2018

Consumer Education Unit! Your'e the consumer, get educated!

Your job is to become an expert on one of the following topics and then teach the important ideas about it to the class. Your final grades in the class and your consumer education credit depend on your project, your presentation and the Consumer Ed Exam. 

Topics:
  1. “But I thought buying this would make me happy” Needs, wants and satisfaction. (Needs)
  2. “Why am I broke all the time?” How and why to do a personal budget. (Budget)
  3. “What security deposit?” How to rent an apartment. (Rent)
  4. “Pay myself first? What the…?” The how and why of savings. (Savings)
  5. “As seen on TV.”  The power of advertising. (Ads)
  6. “Buying Misery? How do my buying habits affect the workers of the world? (Workers)
  7. “Scams, spam and getting slammed.” How to avoid getting ripped off online and in the real world. (Scams)
  8. “I wish my parents were rich.” How to pay for college and not get buried in debt.” (College)
  9. “But I thought I was making 10 bucks an hour!” What to expect from wages. Where does all the money go from your paycheck? (Paycheck)
  10. “Pay the man.” How to do your taxes. (Taxes)
  11. “Oh Lord, won’t ya buy me a Mercedes Benz.” How to (and if you should) buy cars and other expensive stuff. (or just take the train) (Transport)
  12. “A cheeseburger costs $487.63?”  How to avoid credit card debt and have good credit. (Credit)
  13.  “I always use protection!” How insurance can save your butt. (Insurance)
  14.  “We can always get another planet.” How our purchases affect the Earth (Earth)

Products:
Each team must create:
* A one to two page handout with key ideas that will be printed and distributed. (10pts)

* A Google Slides presentation (10pts)
*  The presentation should be 7-10 min long plus 3-5 min for questions (10pts)

Remember, Youtube videos won't play at school. If you want to include a video in your presentation, I suggest you download it at home and e-mail the video file to me. 

Here are some links to resources for our Consumer Education unit. You may and should use other sources, but these should get you started.

1 - “But I thought buying this would make me happy” Needs, wants and satisfaction.
2 - Why am I broke all the time?

3 - What security deposit?

4 - Pay myself first?

5 - As seen on TV:


7 - Scams, spam and getting slammed:


9 - But I thought I was making 10 bucks an hour...

10 - Pay the man.

11 - Oh Lord, Won't ya buy me a Mercedes Benz..

12 - A cheeseburger costs $487.63!
http://www.themint.org/teens/i-paid-how-much.html
http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/article-29911.html
http://www.atg.wa.gov/teenconsumer/finances/credit_cards.htm

13  - How Insurance can save your butt...

Monday, May 7, 2018

Conga rats! You did it!!!

YOU DID IT!!! It was hard, but you made it through. Congrats.



Now, while the experience of the AP Exam is fresh in your mind, please click on the link below and fill out this anonymous survey to help me understand your experience and to learn ways I can improve our class and my own teaching.

https://goo.gl/forms/RRcPTNYdfeCtJTnL2

The survey will not record your name or e-mail, so please be honest.




Friday, April 20, 2018

Chapters 17 and 18 - Social Psychology



You should also be reviewing while you learn this new material. Scroll down to all our previous blog posts and check out our review resources !


THE FOLLOWING LINKS FEATURE VERY IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. REVIEW SHERIF'S, ASCH'S, MILGRAM'S AND ZIMBARDO'S CLASSIC STUDIES AND READ UP ON THE "BYSTANDER EFFECT." 

The Robber's Cave - Sherif: In-group, out-group, Bias, Bonding, Competition and Cooperation  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6QGNxRGgBwM


Social Thinking - Crash Course


Social Influene - Crash Course

The Bystander Effect... what would you do?

This happened a few years ago in NYC it looks like a 31 year-old Guatemalan man named Hugo Alfredo Tale-Yax was stabbed on the street in New York City and many pedestrians walked right past him as he died. You can read the story and see a surveillance video here.

Read more about the bystander effect here

The Bystander Effect/Diffusion of Responsibility video we saw in class is below or here


Asch's Conformity

Solomon Asch's conformity study showed how easily people will give an obviously wrong answer when other people are giving that same answer. Watch the video at the link below:

Milgram's Obedience

Stanley Milgram's obedience study was recently partly replicated by ABC's Prime Time show. Watch how easily people follow orders even when they know the orders are wrong.

Zimbardo's Prison Roles

Philip Zimbardo's experiment about how roles affect behavior is known as the "Stanford Prison Experiment." Those playing inmates became passive while those playing guards became aggressive. Subjects' real identities seemed to pale in comparison to the roles they played so much that the experiment had to be stopped after a few days. Who knows what would have happened if the experiment had gone on for two full weeks.
https://youtu.be/RpDVFp3FM_4


Prejudice and Discrimination - Crash Course
https://youtu.be/7P0iP2Zm6a4 

Aggression v. Altruism - Crash Course
https://youtu.be/XoTx7Rt4dig