Monday, March 30, 2015

Unit 16 - Treatment of Psychological Disorders

What are the main ways we treat psychological illness? What are the important the differences between psychotherapy and the biomedical approach? How does the psychodynamic approach compare to the humanistic approach? Are some treatments more effective for some disorders? Does psychotherapy work? Do psychiatric medications work? How do we know?

If you are concerned about your own mental health or that of someone close to you, speak to your counselor or teacher right away. If it's an emergency - that someone is going to hurt themselves or others, call 911. In a non-emergency the school can refer you to someone who can help, such as the professionals at the Near North Health Service Corp. which is only about a block from school. 

Trepanation- cutting holes in the skull - is no longer used as treatment of mental illness.  For other obsolete forms of psychiatric treatment, see this list.
The PsychCentral website lists all the disorders in the DSM 5 including their previous DSM IV names, so you can see how the textbook relates to the new DSM 5 listings.

The Mayo Clinic website has a good explanation of many mental illnesses including symptoms and treatment options.

Getting Help - Psychotherapy Crash Course


Biomedical Treatments - and Effectiveness of Psychological Treatments Crash Course


How do Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) antidepressants work?


The Mayo Clinic has a good webpage that explains how SSRI and Serotonin/Norepinephrine SNRI's  work.

A detailed explanation of Freud and the basis for psychoanalysis (at 5:50 or so) - The School of Life


An AP Psych Review video for this unit - basically like having a tutor showing you a Prezzi and discussing each major idea. The nice thing is, you can pause and take notes which is something you can't usually do during class.

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Unit 15 Psychological Disorders

Psychological Disorders 
(scroll down below this post for earlier posts such as the Personality Test)

About 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older — about one in four adults — suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.

About 6 percent of American adults suffer from a serious mental illness such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and severe depression.

For more information about the DSM 5 see http://www.mainepsych.org/Resources/Pages/DSM5.aspx

Our book is based on DSM IV and many aspects of DSM 5 are similar, but there are some differences. The link above takes you to a DSM 5 overview page with links to specific changes. The Hank videos we saw in class and which are posted below are based on DSM 5. 

The following videos will help you understand the current definition of what a psychological disorder is, and learn about some of the main specific psych disorders.

You can turn on the Closed Captioning (cc) to see the text on the screen and pause/rewind the video as it plays so you can take notes on the Psych Disorders sheet I passed out in class.

Psychological Disorders - Crash Course


OCD and Anxiety Disorders - Crash Course


Depressive and Bipolar Disorders - Crash Course


Trauma and Addiction - Crash Course (we didn't see this one in class)


Schizophrenia and Related Disorders - Crash Course


Schizophrenia Simulation Video - (Produced by a pharmaceutical company)


Eating and Body Dysmorphic Disorders - Crash Course


Personality Disorders - Crash Course

Thursday, March 19, 2015

Unit 14 Personality Blog Post Assignment - Due by end of day on Sunday.

Unit 14 - Personality Blog Post - Due 3/22/15

Find how you rate on thebig 5 (O.C.E.A.N.) personality inventory.

Openness
Conscientiousness
Extroversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism 

Take this "Big Five" personality inventory and then post a comment on this post about it (see below for instructions about your comment.)


The cartoon is for entertainment purposes only...  you must click the link
above the cartoon to take the Big 5 Test.
You can post your results by copying and pasting the HTML code at the bottom of the Big 5 results page into your comments. Write about your results and what you think about them. Was this test accurate or not. Ask someone who knows you what they think and write about their view as well. (you can see my comment about my Big 5 results) Leave your post as "anonymous" but sign it with your FIRST NAME and LAST INITIAL only. Remember, comments are moderated, so it will not show up right away.

Big 5 personality results
These are Mr. Cantor's results... do you think they are accurate?
Hank talks Rorschach and the Freudiens ... what do you see here? 


Speaking of Freud.... you can take a Freudian Personality Test here. (just hit "next" on the first page to start)
My results are below... hmmm... I guess answering "I never want to grow up" a couple of times had a big effect on this very unscientific test. 
Freudian Inventory Results
Oral (50%) you appear to have a good balance of independence and interdependence knowing when to accept help and when to do things on your own.
Anal (46%) you appear to have a good balance of self control and spontaneity, order and chaos, variety and selectivity.
Phallic (50%) you appear to have a good balance of sexual awareness and sexual composure.
Latency (63%) you appear to be afraid or averse to present or future real world responsibilities, this will only make your inevitable transition more difficult, so learn to deal with the real world.
Genital (63%) you appear to have a progressive and openminded outlook on life unbeholden to regressive forces like traditional authority and convention.
Take Free Freudian Inventory Test
personality tests by similarminds.com


...and measuring personality.... 

AP Psych Review Resources!!! Use them!!!

AP REVEIW BEGINS....

We're getting to the point where we need to review all that we've learned this year WHILE continuing to master new content as we finish our last few units. Use this post as your guide to get started.

If you tend to procrastinate... and most of us do.... you should read this post about how to overcome procrastination. http://www.spring.org.uk/2014/03/10-foolproof-tips-for-overcoming-procrastination.php

Use the AP Psychology Score Calculator http://appass.com/calculators/psychology to see what it takes to get a 3, 4 or 5. Move the sliders and hit "calculate" to see the score.

Some good review resources:

AP Study Notes.ORG has great very simple outlines of each chapter based on a different psych textbook than we use. It's a good idea to review these in your study process to review and see a slightly different perspective.  https://www.apstudynotes.org/psychology/outlines/

APPSYCHOLGOY.COM
This wacky ap psych teacher has a fantastic website full of review quizzes and more... way more. His powerpoints are great as are some of the videos he has available.http://www.appsychology.com/HowPass/howpasshome.htm







LEARNERATOR.COM
You can also try out the free AP Psych questions on the Learnerator or pay the 10-15 bucks to sign up.


YOUTUBE.COM
Mr. Schallhorn, an AP Psych teacher in California, put together a great set of YouTube videos you can use to review for AP Psych. His YouTube channel is at the following address. 

The whole Crash Course Psychology series is free on YouTube. 
You can watch them all here... thanks Hank. 

YOURBOOKSNOTESANDFLASHCARDS(not)COM
You also have your AP Review Books, your Bernstein Study Guides, and the thousands of flashcards and hundreds of pages of notes you've created this year.

TWITTER.COM
Mr. Jones, an AP Psych teacher from North Carolina started using Twitter last year for  AP Psych review.

"...if a student has a question about AP Psych, they can just type the question on Twitter and put this at the end of the tweet:  #appsychreview  

For those of you who are old hats at Twitter, you’ll recognize #appsychreview as a hashtag – it’s a way to group together tweets with a common theme. Anyone can then assist the student with their question – it could be a AP Psych teacher, a professor, or even a fellow AP Psych student. I’ve asked a few AP teachers to help out, but we would love your help. If you are familiar with Twitter and you would like to help out with answering questions, it’s probably easiest to set up a separate search for #appsychreview or just bookmark this link: https://twitter.com/#!/search/realtime/appsychreview ."

For info about how to use #APPaychReview see http://teachinghighschoolpsychology.blogspot.com/2014/03/the-return-of-return-of-ap-psych-review.html?m=1#sthash.lOcy1InI.dpbs

Keep in mind that these will mostly be other students answering questions, so it's not as authoritative as a textbook or other edited resource.

The hashtag #APPsych is also full of interesting psych related tweets... you can use both hashtags to get a greater response to your AP Psych related tweets. 

As you find other resources, please e-mail them to me at ptdworkin-cantor at cps.edu or post them in the comments section of this post.

Do you like electronic flash-cards? Do you use Apps? You might like http://www.studyblue.com/ which has tons of electronic flash-cards and even a smartphone app. Just type "psychology" into the search box (I want to learn "this") and go for it. You can sign on to get a free account using your facebook account or any e-mail account.

You can find other psych based apps at http://www.thepsychfiles.com/2010/04/episode-121-top-10-psychology-apps-for-the-ipad-iphone-ipod/ There are also links to Android apps there. Some are free, some cost money. Check the reviews carefully before spending your cash. I have not tried them out yet, so if you find one you think is great, please share about it in the comments section of this post.

Finally... USE THIS BLOG! There is a post from just about every unit with videos and resources you can use to review. Scroll down for older posts... at the bottom you can just click on "older posts" to go all the way back to the beginning of the year. 

Wednesday, March 4, 2015

Unit 12 Developmental Psych

Key Ideas: Prenatal development, Newborn senses & motor skills, Piaget’s Theory – Piaget’s stages of development, Childhood Development, Object Permanence, Social & emotional development, Temperament, Attachment, Erik Erikson’s Theory – Erikson’s stages of development, Parenting styles, Adolescence, Kohlberg's theory of Moral Development, Adulthood

Hank and the Crash Course about Piaget and more...



Video about Piaget's stages can be seen below or at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRF27F2bn-A


The Flash Animation showing the Piagetian concepts of assimilation and accommodation is at 


Here is a longer video that will help you with some mnemonics to remember Piaget https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXd5nxrBVrs 

Hank talks about Harlow's monkeys, Ainsworth's attachment theory, parenting styles, and Kohlberg's theory of Moral Development.

Erikson's 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development. 



And a more in-depth one... about 6 minutes
http://youtu.be/vapEpQmz86o



And, of course, Hank has a lot to say about adolescence and Erikson's theory of psychosocial development... #BreakfastClub....#Identity....#RoleConfusion


Laurence Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
Good video about the Heinz Dilemma... what stage of moral development are you in?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YxJ07klMhr0


More stages... Elizabeth Kubler Ross's 5 stages of grief.
When the giraffe sees that the end is near...


And by the Simpsons, but one of the stages in the Simpsons clip doesn't match what we learned in class... which is it?  Simpsons Kubler-Ross' Phases of Grief on Vimeo.


Monday, February 23, 2015

Unit 11 Motivation and Emotion



What Motivated Mike?

Here is a great Nike spot with Michael Jordan talking about how failure has helped him to succeed. Thanks for reminding me of this one, Mr. Niebuhr.



If the above play button does not appear or work you can try the link below.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=GuXZFQKKF7A

If the video won't play, here is the quote that Michael Jordan states during the commercial. Base your answer on this quote.

"I've missed more than 9000 shots in my career. I've lost almost 300 games. 26 times, I've been trusted to take the game winning shot and missed. I've failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed."
-- Michael Jordan

What do you think motivated Michael Jordan become the greatest basketball player of his era and one of the greatest in the history of the game?



Anorexia, Bulimia and other Eating Disorders... The PBS NOVA video, Dying to Be Thin is a powerful examination of anorexia. You can watch the full video here.

Here is an interesting article about the distinction between eating disorders and disordered eating: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/contemporary-psychoanalysis-in-action/201402/disordered-eating-or-eating-disorder-what-s-the


There is a support group for people with eating disorders called ANAD- The National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. Their website has resources on eating disorders.



Friday, January 23, 2015

Unit 9 - Consciousness


Meditation - an altered state of 
consciousness?
How can meditation help you live a fuller and more balanced life? Andy Puddicombe discusses how it helps him live in the "present moment"... and he juggles a little too.
Prosopagnosia: What if you could see normally but could not recognize faces... even your own? 
Writer Oliver Sacks of "The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat" fame has this condition and discusses his latest book about prosopagnosia in this interview from a public radio program called "To the Best of Our Knowledge." You can hear the interview and read the transcript at the following link: 


Videos on Consciousness



Discovering Psychology program 13 "The Mind Awake and Asleep" is at http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/13/e13expand.html 

Discovering Psychology program 14 "The Mind Hidden and Divided" is at 
http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/14/e14expand.html

Starting to meditate? 
Here are links to a couple of online meditation timers. 

http://www.onlinemeditationtimer.com/ 
http://www.yourmeditationtimer.com/timer

It can help you concentrate on your meditation if you don't have to worry about how much time has passed. 

Article: The Meaning of Dreams by Jonathan Winson
Read it HERE - Are dreams symbolic, just random or are they a crucial step in processing memories? 

Hypnosis!


What is hypnosis? A state of heightened suggestibility with real effects in the brain.  

Here is a blog post about what hypnosis ISN'T ... 8 Popular Myths About Hypnosis 


Mouse Party?

What would you see inside the brains of mice who were taking drugs? This interactive website gives you a glimpse inside the brains and synapses of mice on drugs including alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, heroin, meth, ecstasy, and LSD.

Identify how each drug affects the brain. What neurotransmitter(s) does it affect? Is it inhibitory or excitatory? Does it block re-uptake or work some other way? Which parts of the brain are most affected?

You can explore other effects of drugs of abuse here

Dream Journal  - You should be making entries into your dream journal every day. If you don't remember a dream from the night, you should write about what emotions or thoughts you had upon awakening. If you don't have anything to enter for a day, you should write about a dream you had some time in the past - even the distant past. 

The point of the dream journal assignment is to get you to pay attention to your dreams and to start to think about various theories of dream interpretation to see if you think they apply.