Bernstein Text Chapter 5 Pp. 150 – 192
Perception... How we make sense of our senses.
As you read the text take Cornell Notes and be sure you understand the concepts represented be the following questions:
Part 1 (pages 150-172) Mon. 11/30 and Tues. 12/1
- What is the “Perception Paradox?”
- Explain and compare the three main approaches to perception: ecological, constructivist, and computationalist.
- What is psychophysics? (not just Niebuhr, Moore and Guerrero being crazy)
- What is an “Absolute Threshold?”
- Explain the difference between “subliminal” and “supraliminal” perception.
- What do YOU think about the power of subliminal messages?
- What is “Signal Detection” theory?
- Describe what a “Just-noticeable Difference” is and explain “Weber’s Law.”
- Explain how Fechner’s law and Stevens’s Power Law relate to our perception of intensity of stimuli.
- Explain how our brains organize the perceptual world.
- Figure- Ground, Grouping, Auditory Scene Analysis (Gestalt principles)
- Two dimensional location
- Depth Perception via: interposition, relative size, height in visual field, texture gradients, linear perspective, motion parallax.
- Accommodation, convergence and binocular disparity in visual system.
· Looming, stroboscopic motion
- Why do we perceive consistency in our world when our sense data is always changing? Explain perceptual consistency.
· Size, Shape and Brightness consistency.
- How do culture, and experience shape perception of reality?
- Explain the concepts of “Bottom-Up” and “Top-Down” processing.
- What is the parallel distributed processing (PDP) model?
- How do developing infants demonstrate various aspects of perceptual processing?
- What is “attention?” How is it directed? What is “selective attention?”
- When is it possible to “multi-task” and when is it not possible? Why?
- How is perceptual research applied in the following fields?
- Aviation, human-computer interaction, traffic safety, architecture & design
Bernstein Study Guide Chapter 5 Pp. 126 – 157 Due 12/7 (a) and 12/8 (b)
(You will be graded for completing and correcting the study guide assignments not for how many you got right.)
1. Skim outline Pp. 126-130 – Make sure you know underlined terms and that they are in your notes.
2. Meaningful Flashcards of ALL Key Terms Pp. 130- 133 - Note examples and mnemonics (only 33 this unit)
3. Do the fill-in-the-blanks key terms quiz on Pp. 134-135. Write the question with your answer. Check your work (P. 144) and write the correct answer for any you got wrong.
4. Review the “Learning Objectives” on Pp. 153-136 – These are good sources for possible FRQ questions.
5. Do Sample Quiz 1 on Pp. 138-141 and check your answers. For each wrong answer, write the correct answer and be sure the information is in your notes. (Answers start on P. 146)